The overall aim of the agreement is to create a framework for bat conservation for Member States and those who have not yet joined. Under the treaty text, Member States prohibit the intentional capture, custody or killing of bats, except for research purposes requiring special authorisation. In addition, Member States identify important areas for bat protection, examine the status and trends of bat populations and study their migration patterns. Based on the results of these monitoring activities, the agreement develops and reviews recommendations and guidelines implemented by the parties at the national level. When it was signed in 1991, the agreement defined the area of the agreement as « The Continent of Europe. »  This ambiguity has led to some confusion and several resolutions have been adopted to try to resolve this problem. In a resolution of the second session of the parties` meeting in 1998, the region was defined as: the Western Arctic region, excluding North Africa, Iceland and many Middle Eastern states in its definition. This definition was confirmed in 2006.   The meeting of the parties is the highest decision-making body of the agreement and makes decisions. Each party has one vote. Non-partisan states and bat protection organizations may be represented as observers at meetings. The advisory committee is the working body of the agreement. It analyzes the data and examines scientific issues related to bat research and conservation in order to set priorities for future work of the agreement.
The Committee looks at issues such as bat migration, light pollution or the impact of wind turbines on bat populations. It also prepares resolutions to be adopted at meetings of contracting parties. The European Bat Conservation Agreement (EUROBATS) is an international treaty that links its states parties to the conservation of bats on their territory. It was signed in 1991 under the Convention on the Conservation of Wild Migratory Species (CMS) and the agreement came into force in 1994. As of August 2019, the agreement applied to 37 out of 63 states. However, at the 6th meeting of the meeting of the parties in 2010, Resolution 6.3 defined the scope of the agreement as a western palearctic region. In particular, it found that its limitations were: This new definition recognized that European bats migrated to and from the geographical scope of the agreement within the meaning of the 1998 agreement. This new definition included countries in the Middle East and North Africa, islands belonging to European countries in the Mediterranean basin, as well as some Central Asian countries.
 The secretariat is the executive arm of the agreement. It coordinates and organizes the activities of the parties` meeting, the advisory committee and the standing committee and takes initiatives to achieve the objectives pursued, attract more Member States and exchange information. It also coordinates international research and surveillance activities. The standing committee is the governing body of the agreement. It oversees the implementation of the Secretariat`s budget, oversees the implementation of policies by the Secretariat and reviews other administrative issues such as personnel issues. The committee was established at the 5th Meeting of the Parties in the fall of 2006 to reorganize the Scientific Advisory Committee. Eurobats currently lists 51 species of bats that are naturally present in Europe, to which the agreement refers. They follow: In 2000, the parties decided to rename the name of the agreement in its current form as the European Bat Conservation Agreement.