In 1919, Japan and the United States clashed again in the League of Nations negotiations. The United States refused to accept Japan`s request for a racial equality clause or an admission of equality between nations. In addition, the Treaty of Versaille gave Japan control of valuable German concessions to Shandong, which caused an outcry in China. This, combined with the growing fear of a militant Japan, contributed to the league`s alliance defeat in the U.S. Senate. Persistent problems preventing accommodation have continued to be racial equality (particularly with respect to the treatment of Japanese immigrants in the United States) and differences in the management of expansion in Asia. Despite numerous efforts to reach agreement on these points, Japan and the United States were again divided in the early 1920s. The Russo-Japanese War was a military conflict between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan from 1904 to 1905. Much of the fighting took place in northeastern China.
The Russo-Japanese War was also a maritime war, with ships that… Read more The Gentlemen`s Agreement was an agreement between the United States and Japan that restricted the immigration of Japanese workers to America. The agreement was a response to the growing number of Japanese workers in California. The risk of conflict between the United States and Japan, particularly via China, has led the two governments to negotiate again. In the 1917 Ishii Lansing Agreement, Foreign Minister Robert Lansing acknowledged that Manchuria was under Japanese control, while Japanese Foreign Minister Ishii Kikujiro agreed not to deny U.S. trade opportunities in other parts of China. The two powers also agreed not to use the war in Europe to seek additional rights and privileges. Although lansing was not binding, it considered the agreement to be an important step in promoting mutual interests in Asia, but it proved short-lived. In the end, the two nations agreed to denounce the Ishii Lansing agreement after concluding the nine-power treaty they signed at the Washington Conference in 1922.
Ronald Takaki. Strangers from a Different Shore: A History OF Asian Americans. Boston: Little, Brown, 1989. Historical study on Asian Americans with significant treatment of the establishment of America from Japan and the resulting ethnic stereotypes, prejudices and state and federal legal issues. Raymond A. Theodore Roosevelt and Japan. University of Washington Press, Seattle 1967. Timeline, which describes how state art kept the United States and Japan on diplomatic terms, despite Japan`s war with the Russians, annexed Korea and negotiated the gentlemen`s informal agreement with the United States.