Paul Bew, a Crossbench peer, noted that the downward nature of the backstop reverses the ascendancy of the Good Friday Agreement, risking « the current deterioration of North-South relations increasing in unpredictable and dangerous ways. »  Barnier told French radio station RTL: « The time is too short to find an alternative solution to the Irish backstop and the UK`s divorce treaty with the European Union will not be reopened to negotiations. »  Talks resumed in the following days, so a joint report was published on 8 December, decrying the commitments that will be taken into account in the withdrawal agreement. Both the UK and EU negotiating teams expressed their preference to avoid a « hard border » and proposed a draft withdrawal agreement that contained a backstop: the full council was subsequently published, showing that the « backstop » conditions could mean that the UK could face « prolonged and repeated rounds of negotiations ».  In March 2019, further notices were issued that the Vienna Convention on Treaty Law could be used if it turned out that the backstop had a « socially destabilizing effect on Northern Ireland ».  Following the DUP`s objections, Mrs May agreed on a backstop in which the whole of the UK has indefinitely very close relations with the EU, namely the maintenance of the customs union. Sinn Féin, SDLP, Alliance Party of Northern Ireland and the Green Party in Northern Ireland all support the backstop.  This is where the controversial backstop comes into play. They feared that the backstop would be used to permanently lure the UK into the EU customs union and prevent the country from concluding its own trade deals. This is a « backstop » or insurance policy that will only come into force if, by the end of the transition period (including a possible longer period), no agreement is reached on a future relationship between the UK and the EU that will achieve the same objectives as the backstop. This protocol was strongly rejected by the Democratic Unionist Party, which saw it as a weakening of Northern Ireland`s place in the United Kingdom and is seen by a number of commentators as the main reason why the withdrawal agreement was not ratified by the United Kingdom Parliament.    Since 2018, the DUP has stated that the anti-Northern Ireland ruling must be withdrawn from the Brexit withdrawal agreement if it were to continue to support the Conservative government in the House of Commons although the party has stated that it is open to limiting backstops over time.
 If a company is unable to sell all of its shares to the public, the insurer provides a backstop system. Under the provision, the insurer will purchase the remaining shares that have not been purchased by the public. Consider a company that has equity and gives 500 shares. Of the 500, only 400 shares are purchased by the public. If the company has not entered into a backstop agreement, it must work with a lesser amount. Reality check: what do the Brexit backstop proposals mean? The private equity firm pursues such a strategy with a significant potential loss to itself.